|MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIES
1. Early case Detection and Prompt Treatment (EDPT)
2. Vector Control
- EDPT is the main strategy of malaria control - radical treatment is necessary for all the cases of malaria to prevent transmission of malaria.
- Chloroquine is the main anti-malaria drug for uncomplicated malaria.
- Drug Distribution Centres (DDCs) and Fever Treatment Depots (FTDs) have been established in the rural areas for providing easy access to anti-malarial drugs to the community.
- Alternative drugs for chloroquine resistant malaria are recommended as per the drug policy of malaria.
(i) Chemical Control
(ii) Biological Control
- Use of Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) with insecticides recommended under the programnme
- Use of chemical larvicides like Abate in potable water
- Aerosol space spray during day time
- Malathion fogging during outbreaks
(iii) Personal Prophylatic Measures that individuals/communities can take up
- Use of larvivorous fish in ornamental tanks, fountains etc.
- Use of biocides.
4. Community Participation
- Use of mosquito repellent creams, liquids, coils, mats etc.
- Screening of the houses with wire mesh
- Use of bednets treated with insecticide
- Wearing clothes that cover maximum surface area of the body
5. Environmental Management & Source Reduction Methods
- Sensitizing and involving the community for detection of Anopheles breeding places and their elimination
- NGO schemes involving them in programme strategies
- Collaboration with CII/ASSOCHAM/FICCI
6. Monitoring and Evaluation of the programme
- Source reduction i.e. filling of the breeding places
- Proper covering of stored water
- Channelization of breeding source
- Monthly Computerized Management Information System(CMIS)
- Field visits by state by State National Programme Officers
- Field visits by Malaria Research Centres and other ICMR Institutes
- Feedback to states on field observations for correction actions.