MALARIA
 
MALARIA CONTROL STRATEGIES

1. Early case Detection and Prompt Treatment (EDPT)
  • EDPT is the main strategy of malaria control - radical treatment is necessary for all the cases of malaria to prevent transmission of malaria.
  • Chloroquine is the main anti-malaria drug for uncomplicated malaria.
  • Drug Distribution Centres (DDCs) and Fever Treatment Depots (FTDs) have been established in the rural areas for providing easy access to anti-malarial drugs to the community.
  • Alternative drugs for chloroquine resistant malaria are recommended as per the drug policy of malaria.
2. Vector Control

(i) Chemical Control

  • Use of Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) with insecticides recommended under the programnme
  • Use of chemical larvicides like Abate in potable water
  • Aerosol space spray during day time
  • Malathion fogging during outbreaks
(ii) Biological Control
  • Use of larvivorous fish in ornamental tanks, fountains etc.
  • Use of biocides.
(iii) Personal Prophylatic Measures that individuals/communities can take up
  • Use of mosquito repellent creams, liquids, coils, mats etc.
  • Screening of the houses with wire mesh
  • Use of bednets treated with insecticide
  • Wearing clothes that cover maximum surface area of the body
4. Community Participation
  • Sensitizing and involving the community for detection of Anopheles breeding places and their elimination
  • NGO schemes involving them in programme strategies
  • Collaboration with CII/ASSOCHAM/FICCI
5. Environmental Management & Source Reduction Methods
  • Source reduction i.e. filling of the breeding places
  • Proper covering of stored water
  • Channelization of breeding source
6. Monitoring and Evaluation of the programme
  • Monthly Computerized Management Information System(CMIS)
  • Field visits by state by State National Programme Officers
  • Field visits by Malaria Research Centres and other ICMR Institutes
  • Feedback to states on field observations for correction actions.